Nothing strikes fear in the hearts of students than being asked to write a lengthy research paper or dissertation. If you are familiar with a research report, you would not only acknowledge how difficult it is to articulate and compile it, but also how significantly it affects your GPA and overall grade. That’s the reason why students not only strive to complete it, but also want to ace it to guarantee the chance of achieving good grades.
When it comes to writing such assignments, students find it really hard to even start working on it. They wrestle with thousands of ideas for days and still aren’t able to gather around one topic for research. But why?
Why is finding a research topic, so difficult? Well, this is because it’s much more complicated than the usual coursework or assignments as it implies more effort and in-depth research skills.
Students are required to come up with well-articulated research questions before diving into the dynamics of a research project. It is the most important aspect of a research project, as almost every research activity, including data collection and methodologies, revolves around it.
What is a research question?
The research question is a principal question for which the rest of your project, seeks answers. It centralizes all your research work. In simpler terms, it is the problem that you are trying to solve through different research approaches.
Drafting a research question is the most important part and probably the first thing you’re required to do, before getting on with the research project. Research questions are cyclical, meaning new questions arise as you go along answering, progressing and discovering one research question.
The phrases “research question” and “research problem” are often used for similar purposes. In research terminologies, many research questions can emerge from a single problem. The questions are made to explore and inquire about various aspects of the same problem, attempting to solve the broad research problem.
For example, why are customers reluctant to complete their online purchases? Why is online purchasing declining? Research questions are a tool to solve a specific problem.
Why are research questions important?
As we have mentioned above, research questions centralizes research activities and lead the process in a specific direction. Constructing a well-thought out research question means that you have a specific goal to study and achieve.
1. It sets the scope
The research question indicates a problem, situation and a goal, you’re striving to achieve and resolve. It narrows down the research scope and stops you from getting off track throughout the research process. Without declaring a research question at the beginning, there is a high chance of deviating from the goal and you may end up spending hours on irrelevant sources and with the results that are irrelevant from the main objective.
The research field is generally broad and vague. Research questions help you to narrow down the scope and strictly confine to the specified objective.
2. It’s the foundation of the research process
A research project is like constructing a building. The data you collect is the pillar and the hypothesis that leads to a data collection approach is the foundation. So, what’s the research question? It’s the base beneath the foundation. Hence, it’s almost everything that a research project is established on.
Without a specific question, you can’t construct a hypothesis and without a hypothesis, you don’t get a research approach. Therefore, a research question sets up the base of a research project that guides you what and how to study.
3. It links your work to the goals and actions
Declaring a research question at the beginning of the report reduces the risk of deviating from the actual goal and objectives. You would know what it is to work and study about. Research is usually carried to assess or seek answers to a relevant question, and specifying that question helps readers to understand the basis of the research report. It reduces ambiguity and leads you to accurate outcomes and results at the end of the process.
Q. What are the steps to formulate a strong research question?
A research question must include a concern or issue you’re going to work on. You must identify what exactly you are seeking answers to in this project. You must ensure whether or not, the question is answerable. There are two steps to construct a strong research question for your research.
1. Observe and analyze
Researchers are required to analyze the selected topic thoroughly. Identify the problems and concerns surrounding a specific topic and priorities which aspect needs utmost attention. For that matter, students are advised to do some initial investigation to narrow down the relevant areas that are worth investigating further.
Sometimes, a small-scale initial research is essential to better understand different dynamics and aspects of the selected topic. From the business research perspective, a small-scale assessment helps to understand the business context and its needs and ensures that the research question addresses the most critical problem.
For an accurate research question, researchers can review previously established literature, conduct informal interviews or brief discussion with the concerned business holder.
For example, a sales manager of a footwear company approaches a research team with a problem of declining sales with unknown cause. She hands them the company’s sales records, progress reports and all the relevant data that are required to conduct the research. The research team then begins to explore by asking questions within the company and relevant stakeholders to analyze the question.
2. Review the key factors and align them into one research question
Researchers are required to define and assess the influencing factors that are involved in their study. It may be economical, geographical or social factors that are causing the problem at hand.
After analyzing the concern factors, the next step is to priorities the most influencing factor and align them into a single research question. You should be able to define what answers you’re seeking from this project and what would be the expected outcomes. Research questions should be clear and precise. Vague research questions are difficult to execute, as it requires broader approaches and data samples to acquire results.
If you’re still facing any confusions with your research project, feel free to seek professional assignment help from our amazing assignment writers. We are happy to help.
The term “case study” elicits different responses from law, finance and business students. Some seek professional help to get this project done by experts, while others spend hours thinking of ways to skip the task entirely.
No matter how hard you try to avoid it, case studies are inevitable and have a high weightage in the student’s overall grades. Many law and business studies involve the completion of case studies, especially for research purposes. So, instead of investing hours to avoid it, why not look for ways to tackle the task efficiently?
Though, writing a case study looks easy at the beginning, but as soon as the student gets on with it, they soon realise that it’s not as easy as it may sound. There are a lot of complications and technicalities involved in this task.
You are not only required to build up a strong report, but also critically analyse and demonstrate deeper insights of a particular case at hand. Not only this, students should be familiar with defined rules and formatting styles in order to create an accurate case study piece.
What is a case study?
A case study is a part of coursework based on the in-depth analysis of a problem from which possible solutions can be drawn and executed. Case studies are usually built on real-life incidents, products or subjects, but can also vary in different situations and terms concerning the needs of the given topic or field. To excel in this task, students are required to carry an in-depth analysis of a specific problem and come up with possible solutions to tackle the issue.
Students are required to write a case study report on one of the following kinds:
Illustrative case studies aim to enlighten and inform the readers about a specific case that they otherwise don’t know about. It does not include the author’s opinions or any sort of recommendations.
2. Critical Instance
These studies are carried out for criticising generalised beliefs and perceptions. Students are required to carry cause-and-effect analysis of a particular case and draw opinions.
3. Exploratory (Pilot)
This kind of case studies are usually carried out as a short-scale research to identify the influencing factors of a given problem. Such studies are useful to identify the areas that need further investigation, problems that require the utmost attention and what data collection approach should be effective for a relevant research problem.
The purpose of cumulative case study is to draw conclusions and future research recommendations from previously established theories, literatures or phenomena.
Essential steps of writing a case study
Though, the process of writing a case study is almost similar to other research projects, like researching, writing and editing. But there are a lot of specifics that students should consider while beginning writing it. So, make sure to follow the following steps in order to create a strong case study report.
Research is the most important and fundamental part of case study writing. There is a lot of information and research material you need to have in-hand before diving into the writing stage. Here’s how you can do this:
● Choose a specific case that is relevant to your topic/ field. It can be a problem, company, product or a subject. If your instructor did not assign you any case, then you have a freedom to choose the topic you’re interested in and curious about.
● Select methods and approaches you’re going to adopt for data collection.
● Collect existing research materials and literature concerning the same subject of your research.
● Gather relevant resources like research papers, articles, newspaper archives and reports.
● Make sure the collected sources are authentic and credible.
● Collect enough information to explore various aspects of the problem. Make sure you have opposing arguments and evidence to avoid being biased.
Step# 2 Formulating
After collecting all the required data and information, the next step is to start writing the first draft of your case study. Like any other coursework, case study report also follows the same outline based on introduction, followed by body paragraphs and ends with a conclusion. The structure of a case study report is as follows:
A case study should include an abstract paragraph at the beginning of the report. It is basically a brief summary of all the collected data, research, results and purpose. Write the most important points of your case study such as what methods were used to collect data, what were the problems and objectives, what were the outcomes you achieved.
Make your abstract, concise and clear. It should be no longer than two paragraphs and must include the purpose of your case study.
Introduction is merely to provide background and announcing a problem to the readers. The aim is to inform the readers about the objective and goal you’re striving to achieve through this case study.
In an introductory section, you’re required to include the historical background of the case study, established theories and theoretical framework that may help you in the process and other related information.
In this section, you have to put all the raw data, make analysis and describe the study in detail. You can also sub-divide the section into different heading, depending on the topic you’re studying.
Results and Recommendations
You should state all the outcomes and results you’ve gathered after analysing a particular case. Mention whether or not any further research required in future within the same domain of your topic. You can also include restrictions and problems you faced during the case study process.
Finally, a conclusion includes the summary of all the work and final opinions of the author. Avoid rewriting the same content in the conclusion, instead, paraphrase and add new insight to the case study.
Don’t forget to add references because without citing references, your project lacks authenticity and reliability. Cite all the sources you used through the report in a separate section. You can refer to SCI-hub or Google scholar for authentic resources. Make sure to cite sources in a proper referencing style such as APA, Chicago or Harvard.
Now that you’re well-informed about all the specifics of a case study, make sure to follow all these steps strictly to create a well-articulated case study report. In case, if you’re facing any issues, don’t hesitate to seek professional help from a university assignment writing service. They will handle your research project with great expertise and professionalism.